Thursday, 23 October 2014

MOMENTUM, IMPULSE QUESTIONS



1.  A 1.2-kg object moving with a speed of 8.0 m/s collides perpendicularly with a wall and emerges with a speed of 6.0 m/s in the opposite direction. If the object is in contact with the wall for 2.0 ms, what is the magnitude of the average force on the object by the wall?
A) 9.8 Kilo Newton
B) 8.4 Kilo Newton
C) 7.7 Kilo Newton
D) 9.1 Kilo Newton
E) 1.2 Kilo Newton



2.  The speed of a 2.0-kg object changes from 30 m/s to 40 m/s during a 5.0-s time interval. During this same time interval, the velocity of the object changes its direction by 90°. What is the magnitude of the average total force acting on the object during this time interval?
A) 30 N
B) 20 N
C) 40 N
D) 50 N
E) 6.0 N

3.  A 2.4-kg ball falling vertically hits the floor with a speed of 2.5 m/s and rebounds with a speed of 1.5 m/s. What is the magnitude of the impulse exerted on the ball by the floor?
A) 9.6 N s
B) 2.4 N s
C) 6.4 N s
D) 1.6 N s
E) 1.0 N s

4.  A 1.6-kg ball is attached to the end of a 0.40-m string to form a pendulum. This pendulum is released from rest with the string horizontal. At the lowest point of its swing, when it is moving horizontally, the ball collides with a 0.80-kg block initially at rest on a horizontal frictionless surface. The speed of the block just after the collision is 3.0 m/s. What is the speed of the ball just after the collision?
     A) 1.7 m/s
     B) 1.1 m/s
     C)1.5 m/s
     D) 1.3 m/s
     E)2.1 m/s


5.  A 2.0-kg object moving with a velocity of 5.0 m/s in the positive x direction strikes and sticks to a 3.0-kg object moving with a speed of 2.0 m/s in the same direction. How much kinetic energy is lost in this collision?
     A) 2.4 J
     B) 9.6 J
     C) 5.4 J
     D) 0.6 J
     E) 6.0 J

6.  A 12-g bullet moving horizontally strikes and remains in a 3.0-kg block initially at rest on the edge of a table. The block, which is initially 80 cm above the floor, strikes the floor a horizontal distance of 120 cm from its initial position. What was the initial speed of the bullet?
     A) 0.68 km/s
     B) 0.75 km/s
     C) 0.81 km/s
     D) 0.87 km/s
     E) 0.41 km/s

7.  A 2.0-kg object moving 5.0 m/s collides with and sticks to an 8.0-kg object initially at rest. Determine the kinetic energy lost by the system as a result of this collision.
     A) 20 J
     B) 15 J
     C) 30 J
     D) 25 J
     E) 5.0 J

8.  A 3.0-kg mass sliding on a frictionless surface has a velocity of 5.0 m/s east when it undergoes a one-dimensional inelastic collision with a 2.0-kg mass that has an initial velocity of 2.0 m/s west. After the collision the 3.0-kg mass has a velocity of 1.0 m/s east. How much kinetic energy does the two-mass system lose during the collision?
     A) 22 J
     B) 24 J
     C) 26 J
     D) 20 J
     E) 28 J