Monday, 4 January 2016

velocity , acceleration Problems

1. After an airplane takes off, it travels 10.4 km west, 8.7 km north, and 2.1 km up. How far
   is it from the takeoff point?

2. Two ropes in a vertical plane exert equal-magnitude forces on a hanging weight but pull with an angle of  86.0° between them. What pull does each one exert if their resultant pull is 372 N directly upward?

3. You are hungry and decide to go to your favorite neighborhood fast-food restaurant. You leave your apartment and take the elevator 10 flights down (each flight is 3.0 m) and then go 15 m south to the apartment exit. You then proceed 0.2 km east, turn north, and go 0.1 km to the entrance of the restaurant. (a) Determine the displacement from your apartment to the restaurant. Useunit vector notation for your answer, being sure to make clear yourchoice of coordinates. (b) How far did you travel along the path you took from your apartment to the restaurant, and what is the magnitude of the displacement you calculated in part (a)?

4. While following a treasure map, you start at an old oak tree. You first walk 825 m directly south, then turn and walk 1.25 km at 30.0° west of north, and finally walk 1.00 km at 40.0° north of east, where you find the treasure: a biography of Isaac Newton! (a) To return to the old oak tree, in what direction should you head and how far will you walk? Use components to solve this problem. (b) To see whether your calculation in part (a) is reasonable, check it with a graphical solution drawn roughly to scale.

5. A ship leaves the island of Guam and sails 285 km at 40.0° north    of west. In which direction must it now head   and how far must it sail so that its resultant displacement will be 115 km directly east of Guam?

6. A one-euro coin is dropped from the Leaning Tower of Pisa and falls freely from rest. What are its position and velocity after 1.0 s, 2.0 s, and 3.0 s?

7. A flowerpot falls off a windowsill and falls past the window below. You may ignore air resistance. It takes the pot 0.420 s to pass from the top to the bottom of this window, which is 1.90 m high. How far is the top of the window below the windowsill from which the flowerpot fell?

8. A juggler performs in a room whose ceiling is 3.0 m above the level of his hands. He throws a ball upward so that it just reaches the ceiling. (a) What is the initial velocity of the ball? (b) What is the time required for the ball to reach the ceiling? At the instant when the first ball is at the ceiling, the juggler throws a second ball upward with two-thirds the initial velocity of the first. (c) How long after the second ball is thrown do the two balls pass each other? (d) At what distance above the juggler’s hand do they pass each other?
9.A physics teacher performing an outdoor demonstration suddenly falls from rest off a high cliff and simultaneously shouts “Help.” When she has fallen for 3.0 s, she hears the echo of her shout from the valley floor below. The speed of sound is (a) How tall is the cliff? (b) If air resistance is neglected, how fast will she be moving just before she hits the ground? (Her actual
speed will be less than this, due to air resistance.)
10. A helicopter carrying Dr. Evil takes off with a constant upward acceleration of Secret agent Austin Powers jumps on just as the helicopter lifts off the ground. After the two men struggle for 10.0 s, Powers shuts off the engine and steps out of the helicopter. Assume that the helicopter is in free fall after its engine is shut off, and ignore the effects of air resistance.
 (a) What is the maximum height above ground reached by the helicopter?
(b) Powers deploys a jet pack strapped on his back 7.0 s after leaving the helicopter, and then he has a constant downward acceleration with magnitude How far is Powers above the ground when the helicopter crashes into the ground?